lamellar connection

peripheral loading hoof hooves laminitis
Theories and causes

Peripheral loading of the hooves

The hooves of a horse endure significant forces. Not only does the body weight of the horse need to be carried; it is primarily biomechanical forces that burden the hooves. The hooves absorb the impact when the horse puts its…

Coffin bone and hoof capsule rotation

In the chronic phase of laminitis, the angle between the coffin bone and the hoof capsule changes: this change is due not only to the coffin bone tilting, but due also to rotation of the hoof capsule. Coffin bone rotation…
Anatomy & histologyDefinition

Subclinical and low-grade laminitis

A subclinical condition has no recognizable or measurable clinical manifestations. Oddly enough the term ‘subclinical laminitis’ is often being used to describe clearly visible, diagnosable signs of laminitis such as a stretched white line, a flaring hoof wall and laminitic…
Treatment and prevention

Stem cell transplant

Epidermal cells are constantly being renewed. This process, called epidermal regeneration, also takes place in the hoof. It is part of normal growth and repair of the hoof wall. The germinal layer of the epidermis contains stem cells, that generate…