Living conditions

Potassium

By over fertilising for years with both organic and inorganic fertiliser the soil may contain a surplus of potassium. Dried chicken manure especially contains high levels of potassium. Too much potassium in…
Living conditions

Grazing muzzle

Grass leaf tips contain lower NSC levels. A grazing muzzle helps prevent the horse from grazing the grass lower down. Grazing speed decreases. Food enters the digestive tract more slowly and steadily. The…
Living conditionsTreatment and prevention

Soaking hay

Water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC), can be partly removed from hay (and beet pulp) by soaking and rinsing. Approximately 50% of the WSC drain out in one hour’s time. Soaking for longer…
Definition

Laminitis or founder or … ?

The terms laminitis and founder are often used as synonyms, however there is a difference between the two. 
The suffix -itis always refers to inflammation or infection. In this (etymological)…
Living conditions

Silage and haylage

Silage Silage is grass that has been conserved by fermentation. The grass is wrapped in plastic when the moisture content still exceeds 70%. Silage has a high protein content. The protein…
Theories and causes

PPID a hype?

A lot more horses are now diagnosed with PPID than there were ten years ago. So many more that some people label PPID as a hype. Yet this is not…
Theories and causes

C3 and C4 grasses and starch

Grass species can be divided into two groups: C3 grasses that thrive especially in colder climates and seasons and C4 grasses that grow well in hot, humid climates and seasons. This…
Treatment and prevention

Stem cell transplant

Epidermal cells are constantly being renewed. This process, called epidermal regeneration, also takes place in the hoof. It is part of normal growth and repair of the hoof wall. The…