Theories and causes


Several types of carbohydrates (sugars or saccharides) can be distinguished:

Please note: Lignin is not considered to be a carbohydrate. It belongs to the non-carbohydrates. For convenience reasons, in ‘Laminitis – understanding, cure, prevention’ the collective of dietary fibres are regarded as carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates can be grouped as follows:

  • Ethanol-soluble carbohydrates (ESC): simple and double sugars
  • Water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC): ESC and fructans
  • Non-structural carbohydrates (NSC): WSC and starch
  • Structural carbohydrates (SC): Dietary fibre.

NSC occur in cells and saps of plants. SC occur in cell walls of plants.

Please note: Some types of fructan are regarded as ESC because of their relative simple chemical structure. In the book, to remain clear, all fructans are included to the group of WSC.


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