dermal lamellae

Anatomy & histology

Shock dissipation and vibration damping

It is impressive how many different structures of the hoof contribute to shock dissipation and attenuation and vibration damping when the horse’s hoof strikes the ground. The sole and the soft tissues in the heel region (frog, digital cushion, hoof…
Treatment and prevention

Enzyme inhibiting drugs

In ‘Laminitis – understanding, cure, prevention’ you can read how an imbalance between the protein degrading enzymes MMP-2, MMP-9, ADAMTS-4 and their endogenous enzyme inhibitors (TIMPs) can contribute to the progress of laminitis during the acute phase of the disease.…
Anatomy & histologyDefinition

Subclinical and low-grade laminitis

A subclinical condition has no recognizable or measurable clinical manifestations. Oddly enough the term ‘subclinical laminitis’ is often being used to describe clearly visible, diagnosable signs of laminitis such as a stretched white line, a flaring hoof wall and laminitic…